Wednesday, April 1, 2020
FedEx matched not only each others prices, but also the others innovations and services; e. g. early-morning delivery, same-day service, and an ability to track packages by the Internet. ) Smaller players (DHL, TNT, BAX Global, RPS) targeted specific market segments, in turn, competition in those particular segments are not that intense. However, as a result of the UPS strike and UPS lost volume, it would appear that the competitive landscape is shifting, and smaller carriers are eciding to compete in a greater variety of segments of the express mail market. The Postal Service planned a major advertising blitz to promote its express services, and is petitioning Congress for the right to grant volume discounts. UPS began to plan its strategy to recoup its lost volume. And, Airborne and RPS forged a relationship that would integrate each companys strengths. Write-Up: (1) Change of Five Forces Over Time; and (2) Main Strategic Issues The factors influencing the barriers to entry have significantly strengthened since FedExs incorporation. We will write a custom essay sample on Airborne Express Five Forces or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page FedEx introduced overnight delivery to the express mail market. It was a leader in technological innovation, and was dedicated to continually improving the companys service quality. FedEx raised industry standards. As a result, the capital requirements necessary to enter the market increased, the economies of scale of the major carriers increased, and access to distribution channels became more difficult to obtain. The threat of substitutes grew over time. Prior to email and facsimile, regular mail was the only practical substitute for express mail. However, with the invention of the internet and the fax machine, these two viable substitutes for delivering letters and documents surfaced. Also, the bargaining power of labor increased over time. As industry practices shifted towards employing part-time wages widened. In UPS case, such a disparity in wages resulted in a national walkout. The bargaining power of customers increased over time. FedEx expanded the variety and increased the quality of services. By expanding the variety, the value of UPS two-day delivery service was devalued. And, in turn, UPS and other carriers had to expand its services to compete with FedEx. However, as a result of vigorous competition, almost identical services, and low brand loyalty, the consumer became xtremely price sensitive. The rivalry between UPS and FedEx has remained constant, yet intense, since FedExs entrance. However, it would appear that competition within the industry has intensified as a result of the UPS labor strike (see exhibit 5b). The express mail industry is less attractive at the conclusion of the case for the big players (FedEx, UPS) than it was prior to the UPS labor strike, yet it still remains attractive. The UPS labor strike created an opportunity for several peripheral carriers to compete for market share. Therefore, one strategic issue acing the large carriers is determining the best course of action to successfully thwart the threat from an increase in competition. This involves pricing, operation efficiency, and possibly expanding their own operations into smaller market segments (attacking the threats bread and butter). In addition, success in the international market is considered essential if consistent growth is to be maintained. DHL and TNT have extensive experience and solidified positions in the international market. Furthermore, both carriers have presence in the United States, and could potentially expand their domestic operations. The second strategic issue is determining a course for international expansion, while also preparing for DHL and TNTs probable response to such expansion. Even after the UPS labor strike, the express mail industry is still not attractive to smaller carriers (Airborne, RPS). As a result of the labor strike, smaller carriers were provided an opportunity to expand into larger market segments within the industry. For example, the partnership between RPS and Airborne directly targets a broad range of UPS customers, and the Post Office is petitioning Congress for the right to grant volume discounts. In this case, the retaliation of the larger carriers is a main issue. For example, FedEx and UPS have both introduced distanced based pricing and Airborne must decide whether or not to adopt such a pricing scale. Finally, the smaller firms must access their international market strategy. In regards to DHL and TNT, how do they respond to FedEx and UPS increasing their expansion into the international market? In regards to Airborne, does it need to expand its operations, stay the course, or leave the international market all together as a result of the larger carriers expansion?
Friday, March 13, 2020
Inspirational, Famous Quotes About Change We have always validated change as the only constant in the world. We approve of change, as change leads to improvement. But what if change leads to a lowering of standards? What if change means more pollution, more poverty, and more destruction? Should change always be welcomed? Read these quotes carefully to understand why change is inevitable. Jawaharlal Nehru The wheel of change moves on, and those who were down go up and those who were up go down. Barack Obama Change doesnt come from Washington. Change comes to Washington. Winston Churchill There is nothing wrong with change, if it is in the right direction. John A. Simone Sr. If youre in a bad situation, dont worry itll change. If youre in a good situation, dont worry itll change. Faith Baldwin Time is a dressmaker specializing in alterations. Publilius Syrus A rolling stone can gather no moss. Washington Irving There is a certain relief in change, even though it be from bad to worse! As I have often found in traveling in a stagecoach, that it is often a comfort to shift ones position, and be bruised in a new place. Heraclitus Nothing is permanent, but change. Nelson Mandela One of the things I learnt when I was negotiating was that until I changed myself I could not change others. Henry Brooks Adams Chaos often breeds life, when order breeds habit. H. G. Wells Adapt or perish, now as ever, is Natures inexorable imperative. Isaac Asimov It is change, continuing change, inevitable change, that is the dominant factor in society today. No sensible decision can be made any longer without taking into account not only the world as it is, but the world as it will be. Herbert Otto Change and growth take place when a person has risked himself and dares to become involved with experimenting with his own life. Arnold Bennett Any change, even for the better, is always accompanied by drawbacks and discomforts. Helen Keller Life is either a daring adventure or nothing. To keep our faces toward change and behave like free spirits in the presence of fate is strength undefeatable. Spanish Proverb A wise man changes his mind, a fool never will.
Saturday, March 7, 2020
Germany Analysis Essays - Economy Of Germany, Free Essays Germany Analysis INDUSTRY IN GERMANY Country Issues Country issues related to Germany are addressed in four contexts. The areas of consideration are (1) cultural, social, and demographic trends and concerns, (2) political/governmental concerns, (3) exchange rate issues, and (4) macroeconomic issues. Cultural, Social, and Demographic Trends and Concerns Germany is the slightly larger then the combined size of Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New York. (137,691 square miles.) Germany is a nation of 81.5 million people (Hunter, 1997). The rate of population growth in Germany approximates one-percent per year. The head of the government is Chancellor Gerhard Schroder (elected on October 27,1998). The official language is German. The principal religions are Protestant (Evangelical Lutheran) and Roman Catholic-Christianity. German workers are among the best educated, best trained, and most productive to be found anywhere in the world. Germany's modest population growth tends to produce market stability, as opposed to market growth. Thus, automobile manufacturers in Germany tend to look to exports for sales growth. Germany's chief commercial exports include machinery, automobiles (Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz, Audi), chemicals, iron, and steel. Political/Government Concerns Germany is a parliamentary democracy. A proportional representation system assures that smaller parties are represented in the Bundestag. The governing conservative coalition, the Christian Democratic Union (all states other than Bavaria) and the Christian Social Union (in Bavaria where the Christian Democratic Union does not stand), has held power since 1982 (Hunter, 1997). The reunification of East Germany and West Germany into a single state has produced economic, political, and social problems. While not all of these problems have been completely solved, they do not represent a source of instability in the country. Exchange Rate Issues The currency in Germany is called Deutsche Mark. The economy in Germany is the strongest in Western Europe and is an important member of the European Union. The principals of the social market economy guide its economic activity. Germany has pursued a monetary policy of that emphasized the control of inflation, relatively high interest rates, and a strong mark, often to the complete dismay of the country's European Community partners. Monetary policy emphasizes interest rates and money supply management. Germany is a key player in the drive toward European Monetary Union. The mark remains strong at DM1.84/US$1 and DM3.07/61 (Financial Indicators,1998). Germany will qualify for monetary union and the single European currency as of 1 January 1999 (Maastricht Follies,1998). Taxation in Germany The federal government and its States (lands) try to coordinate their policies through such advisory bodies as the economic council and the finance planning council. But the central government cannot order the States (lands) to follow its policy, largely because it has no monopoly on taxing power. In, all the central government receives around 55 percent of all taxes but makes then 45 percent of all expenses. On the other hand the States, spend more then they receive and the federal government makes up the difference. Macroeconomic Issues Per capita gross national product is US $28,760, gross domestic product is US $2.1 trillion (Hunter, 1997). Germany's GDP growth in 1997 was 2.4 percent Economic Indicators, 1998). Foreign Trade remains the essential pillar of Germany's prosperity. It is one of the world's leading export accounts for over half of it manufacturing jobs. Germany is very sensitive to world economic climates because, its GDP is made 38 percent of exports. Germany's international trade balance is traditionally in the black (Hunter, 1997). Exports typically exceed imports by approximately five-percent. Germany's international trade balance is compared with that of Japan and the United States in Table 1. Table 1 International Trade Balance Comparison: Germany, Japan, and the United States [billions of US$] ________________________________________________________________ Country January-March 1998 April 1997-March 1998 Germany + 4.62 + 70.5 Japan +8.79 + 103.8 United States -18.80 - 199.4 [Source: Financial Indicators, 1998] ________________________________________________________________ Germany's exports 46.4 percent of total exports to members of the European Union, these include top two: France at 11.2 percentage and the United Kingdom 8.7 percentage. The United States receives 9.2 percentage of Germany's exports. Germany's imports the most from France 11.2 percentage of total imports and then followed by the Netherlands at 8.4 percentage. The United States imports 8.1 percentage of the total imports of Germany. German monetary and fiscal policy emphasizes the control of inflationary pressures. Consumer prices in Germany have risen by an average of approximately 1.5 percent over the past
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Ethics - Assignment Example Liberal tolerance is good. However, there are limits to liberal ethics. It is essential for politicians to comprehend that a comprehensive argument, whether written or in oral form, is significant at all stages of policy formulation. For instance, the electorate, the political parties, the executive, the local courts, interest groups and the media often involve themselves in reciprocal persuasion and continuous debates. According to liberal theorists, the above process commences with expression of general concerns and ends with decisions that are concrete. Arguments are essential not only in clarifying politiciansÃ¢â¬â¢ position regarding an issue but also focusing people around their position. For instance, when a policy is perfectly explained by a group of individuals seeking self interest or goals, those who aim to justify the policy must plea to the interest of the public and the intellectual merits of the case under discussion. Individuals often miss a great point when they try to comprehend the process of policy making in terms of influence, bargaining and power to the exclusion of argument and debate. Arguments are the only avenue through which policy makers and citizens arrive at moral policy choices and judgments. As a result, debates produce outcomes that are far beyond the authoritarian capabilities or policy making technocratic methods (Majone, 1989). In environmental project, conflict is inevitable as change appears to be. As a matter of fact, it is impossible for individuals with backgrounds, norms and skills that are diverse to make decisions, work together and try to meet project objectives and goals without conflict. This raises the need to formulate tangible strategies of handling conflicts. According to Follet (1973), there are three principal ways of managing conflict. These include integration, compromise and domination. Domination is the triumph of one party over another. It is perceived to be
Thursday, February 20, 2020
MPH599 - Culminating Project Mod 3 Case Assignment - Essay Example Children watch television or play video games for greater than four hours a day have a greater risk for obesity. It has been shown that a reboot reduction in the television or video game time can not only improve but be a treatment for obesity. Further, other behaviors that have changed in this age group, more children are eating high calorie foods than they have in the past. Television ads increase the desire for fast food which is high in calories and high in fat (Epstein and Keller, 2003). Those children who are raised by obese parents also have a greater risk for obesity. There has been discussion as to whether there is a genetic or environmental factor that may predispose children to obesity. However they been unable to prove that (Golan and Wiseman, 2001). Another great risk factor for childhood obesity is low socioeconomic status. Food insecurity and not having access to healthy food are the reasons for this problem. Children from low-income families often do not have safe facilities for physical exercise. This increases the number of television hours that these children have. Many of them are awaiting their parents arrival home from a job, as these parents cannot afford child sitters. Is also at issue that this group of children are not able to visit the position as often as other children do. They may very well not have a yearly checkup like so many other children due to the lack of insurance or money to cover visits. This alone contributes to childhood obesity. It is not picked up early in the event, therefore instead of catching these children at the stage of being overweight, we do not see them until they are at the stage of obese. By this time, they may very well have some of the side effects of obesity including hypertension and type II diabetes. Young people throughout the world are becoming increasingly inactive, as are their parents. 30% of boys and 41% of girls aged 2 to 15 do not meet
Monday, February 10, 2020
DNA Barcoding - Lab Report Example The protocol utilizes short sequences of organisms to characterize them. These oligonucleotides fall in positions in the genome which are agreed upon and its standard for a particular genome of interest. The DNA barcode sequences are also rather short in comparison to the entire genome and can be extracted with relative ease utilizing cheap methods. For instance, the cytochrome C oxidase subunit 1 mitochondria region (COI) has in the recent times being the standard barcode region for higher animals. One define characteristic of the DNA barcode is its commonality within a species (within species) and variations among species (without species). ie for a selected DNA barcode of a particular species there exists ranging differences and these differences are minor in individuals of the same species to gurantee the sequence segment to be used as a barcode. In obtaining the DNA for branding, the mayfly should be killed in a Ã¢â¬ËDNA friendly fashionÃ¢â¬â¢ by avoiding the use of preservation agents such formalin which may degrade DNA. Genomic DNA is isolated via the fast DNA extraction method from fresh or frozen specimens. Combination of Chelex protocol with Proteinase K may rule out the need for tissue disruption while guaranteeing the release of DNA leaving chitinous material left intact. PCR amplification is done with an optimal primer specific for the barcode region. The barcode products obtained from the PCR are in most instances sequences bidirectional and later deposited in the barcode reference library.Ã
Tuesday, February 4, 2020
Term Paper Example 1165). Aside from suicide, starvation-related effects such as heart failure, organ failure, and malnutrition also contribute to the high mortality rate of anorexia nervosa. Patients with anorexia are excessively preoccupied with weight, food, and body shape. As much as they would like to eat, patients feel guilty because of a distorted body image or perception that one is distressingly large despite obvious thinness. When the goal of losing of weight is not met, patients with anorexia nervosa lose their desire to live and thrive, fall into depression, and eventually commit suicide or die from starvation-related complications. In the case study, the teenager posed the highest risk for depression as she became "almost obsessive" in her physical activity, taking part in paddling, track, tennis and aerobic exercises at home. There are also signs of cardiac alteration, as manifested in abnormally low heart rate of 44 beats per minute, and malnutrition since the teenager has lost 9 kg (20 lbs.) for approximately a year, height at 50th percentile weight is now at the 10th percentile for her age, obvious thinness, and lack of menstrual periods. 2. What is the most likely electrolyte abnormally in patients with bulimia nervosa who engage in self-induced vomiting? Patients with bulimia nervosa who engage in purging behavior (self-induced vomiting) are likely to have abnormally low level of potassium electrolyte in the blood, a condition called hypokalemia. Potassium is lost during episodes of purging as vomiting of gastric fluid occurs. In addition, the metabolic imbalance termed Ã¢â¬Å"hypochloremic alkalosisÃ¢â¬ greatly contributes in occurrence of hypokalemia in patients with bulimia nervosa as potassium ions shift into the cells to help neutralize metabolic alkalosis and high pH (Day, Paul & Williams, 2009, p. 313). In short, alkalosis can cause hypokalemia and vice versa. In the case study, there has been no evidence of any binging or purging behaviors and any la boratory result that would confirm hypokalemia. However, health care provider must address hypokalemia promptly as the electrolyte potassium is essential for skeletal and cardiac function. 3. Name three indications for medical hospitalization of a patient with an eating disorder. As stated earlier, patients with eating disorder are likely to die from suicide and starvation-related effects. Thus, early medical hospitalization and treatment is necessary. Goroll and Mulley (2009) enumerate the medical criteria for hospitalization of a patient with an eating disorder, among of which include: more than 40% weight loss of premorbid or ideal body weight in three months, rapid progression of weight loss, presence of cardiac arrhythmias, and persistent hypokalemia (p. 1512). In the case study, weight loss of 9 kg (20 lbs.) since last year and cardiac abnormalities manifested by a heart rate of 44 beats per minute warrant medical attention to prevent further complications and correct physical and psychological abnormalities. 4. A teenaged female reports feeling healthy, denies feeling fat, and has normal menstrual periods. However, she has evidenced a 20 lb. weight loss. What is the most likely diagnosis? Anorexia nervosa is the most likely diagnosis of a teenaged female, who reports feeling healthy, denies feeling fat, and has normal menstrual periods but has evidenced a 20 lb. weight loss. In making differential diagnosis for mental and eating disorders, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) version 10 and the